interesting facts about: art
Not like the brazen giant of Greek fame,
With conquering limbs astride from land to land;
Here at our sea-washed, sunset gates shall stand
A mighty woman with a torch, whose flame
Is the imprisoned lightning, and her name
Mother of Exiles…
(fragment from “New Colossus” by Emma Lazarus, 1883. This poem is inscribed on a plaque located inside the pedestal of the Statue of Liberty, New York, USA)
The Colossus of Rhodes was a statue of the Greek god of Sun Helios, built in the Ancient city of Rhodes, on the island with the same name, in 280 BC. The height of Colossus was of 30 meters (98 feet), and it made it one of the tallest statues of the ancient world.
This monument, that is bot existing already, is considered one of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. Colossus was erected to celebrate victory of Rhodes over the regent of Cyprus island, Antigonus I Monophthalmus. Son of the last unsuccessfully besieged Rhodes in 305 BC.
Its construction began in 292 BC. Ancient documents describe the structure as being made of iron tie bars to which were fixed brass plates that formed the skin of god. Within the structure, which stood on a 15-meter marble pedestal near the Mandraki harbour entrance, was then filled with stone blocks as construction progressed. Other sources place the Colossus on a breakwater in the harbour.
Heretofore, the statue stood for 56 years and was destroyed in the earthquake of 226 BC. The cataclysm also destroyed large portions of the city, including the harbor and many commercial buildings. The monument snapped at the knees and fell over on to the land. The king Ptolemy III offered to pay for the reparation of the statue, but the oracle of Delphi made the Rhodians afraid that they had displeased the god Helios, and they refused to reconstruct the monument.