interesting facts about: history
Raoul Gustaf Wallenberg (1912 –1947) was a Swedish architect, diplomat, businessman and humanitarian. He is extensively known for his successful activities to secure hundred thousand of Jews in Hungary, occupied by Nazi during the Holocaust (company for physic liquidation of the Jews) during the later stages of World War II. While serving as Sweden's special agent in Budapest between July and December 1944, Wallenberg issued protective passports and sheltered Jews in houses and territories designated as Swedish area saving tens of thousands of lives.
On January 17, 1945, during the Besiege of Budapest by the Soviet Army, Raoul Wallenberg was imprisoned by Soviet authorities on suspicion of espionage and afterward vanished. Perhaps he died later on July 17, 1947 while imprisoned by communist authorities and KGB secret police in the Lubyanka cell, Moscow. This building housed both the KGB headquarters and its affiliated prison. The motives behind Wallenberg's arrest and imprisonment by the Soviet government, along with questions surrounding the details of his death and his possible links to US secret intelligence, remain unclear and are the subject of continued discussions.
Thanks to his courageous efforts on rescuing the Hungarian Jews, Raoul Wallenberg has been the subject of a many humanitarian awards in the decades following his presumed death.
In 1981, U.S. Congressman Tom Lantos, himself one of those saved by Wallenberg, sponsored a bill making Wallenberg an Honorary Citizen of the United States. He is also an honorary citizen of many countries, such as Canada, Hungary, France, Australia and sure, Israel. Israel has also denominated Raoul Wallenberg one of the Righteous among the All Nations. Many monuments have been dedicated to him, and streets have been named after him around the world. A Raoul Wallenberg Committee of the United States was founded in 1981 to "perpetuate the humanitarian ideas and the nonviolent backbone of Raoul Wallenberg".