interesting facts about: world
Istanbul is the biggest city of Turkey, and it represents economic, cultural, and historical center of the country. Population of a city numbers 14 millions. So it forms one of the largest urban agglomerations in Europe, second largest in the Middle East and the third-largest city in the world by population within city limits. Istanbul is a transcontinental megapolis, straddling across the Bosphorus — one of the world's busiest waterways — in northwestern Turkey, between the Black Sea and the Sea of Marmara. Commercial and historical center of the city lies in Europe, whereas a third of its population lives are… Asians!
Istanbul was founded on the Sarayburnu promontory around 660 BC and had a name Byzantium (“the City of Kings”). For more than sixteen centuries following its reestablishment as Constantinople in 330 AD, it served as the capital of four empires: the Roman (330–395), the Byzantine (395–1204 and 1261–1453), the Latin (1204–1261), and the Ottoman (1453–1922). It represented main center of Christianity during Roman and Byzantine epoch, before the Ottomans conquered the city in 1453 and transformed it into an own Islamic residence of their sultan. Although the Republic of Turkey established its capital in Ankara, palaces and imperial mosques of Istanbul still reminder about the city's previous main role.
Strategic localization of the city along the Silk Road, rail networks that linked region with Europe and the Middle East, and the only sea route between the Black Sea and the Mediterranean Sea helped to encourage an eclectic population. Inhabitants of the city have decupled since the 1950s, as settlers from Anatolia have flocked to the metropolis and city limits have expanded with growth of the city. Today it is the most beautiful city of two continents and its favorable geographical situation will continue to retain its status of the cultural and economical capital.