interesting facts about: music
Jacques Offenbach (1819–1880) was French composer, born in Germany. He was professional cellist and impresario of the XIXth century (so-called “romantic period in arts”). He is known for creation of 100 operas between the 1850s and1870s and his great uncompleted opera “The Tales of Hoffmann”.
Jacques Offenbach was born in Cologne, Germany, and was the son of a synagogue cantor. From his father Offenbach took early musical talent. When he was 14, he was accepted as a student at the Paris Conservatoire. Quickly Jacques found academic study unfulfilling and left it after a year. In the period of 1835-1855 composer earned his living as a cellist. In this time he had achieved international fame, but as a conductor. However, his ambitions were to compose comic pieces for the little musical theatres.
Jaques found himself uninterested in management of Paris's Opéra-Comique company and in staging his works. Also, in 1855 he organized a small theatre in the center of Paris, on the Champs-Élysées. There he presented a series of his own small-scale pieces, many of which are popular till today.
In 1858, Jaques Offenbach produced his first full-length operetta called “Orphée aux enfers” (engl. "Orpheus in the Underworld"), which was exclusively well greeted and has remained one of his most played chef-d'oeuvres. During the 1860s, he produced 18 full-length operettas, as well several one-act masterpieces.
The indecent humour (often having a sexual intrigue) and mostly gentle satiric jokes in these operettas, together with Offenbach's freedom for melody, made them known around the world. Nevertheless, we know one remarkable fact about the secret of Ofenbach`s art. So Jacques Offenbach wrote long overtures for his operas, because many spectators were late on the performance.
Offenbach had a powerful impact on later composers that created in the genre of operetta. Among them we can name Arthur Sullivan and Johann Strauss, Jr. While. In the XXth century his best-known chef-d'oeuvres were continually recovered, and many of his operas are continuing to be staged in the XXIst.