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In many cultures of the Arctic regions — from Siberia, to Greenland and to the Arctic coasts of North America, is sacred the Goddess Sedna, the Inuit Goddess of both the sea-mother and the Underworld. She has a lot of names. For example, in Greenland the people name her Arnarquagsag, but in Alaska she is known as Nerrivik (the fact: the “Alaska” proper is also, a one of variants of the name of this goddess - Nuliajuk).
Sedna is usually imagined in Inuit traditional steatite carvings. Also she has a body of fish from the waist down, and even above the waist (as a mermaid), and human head with long hair. But on the other hand, Sedna is totally no tender mermaid of European mythology. As a Goddess of the sea, she is very capricious and even dangerous. Not any more young, she is the old woman which owns all seas. It is her casual anger we can see when violent storms and destructive winds come.
The myth of how Sedna became Goddess of sea is told for chilren throughout the North. This stories differs from one Arctic region to the another. Neverthelles, in all variants, it is a dramatic scenery in which, as a young woman, She was betrayed, first by the man who blinded her to marry him, and after that by her own father, who cut off all her fingers as Sedna held on his boat (kayak) when he threw her into the sea to kill her.
But Sedna did not die. She sank to the bottom of the sea and here became a mighty spirit who lives in the ocean and who is not always very pleased with human beings.
As the main Goddess, Sedna has dominion over all of her creatures. She also supervises the presence of walruses, fishes, whales and other sea creatures appreciated by Inuit hunters. Sedna sets strict laws and taboos about the way to treat the wild animals of the hunt which are require for survival of Arctic people. The fact: even today Inuits assigned to icebergs features of animate objects and considered them assistants of the Great Goddess-Mother.