In Ancient China bureaucracy was punished for natural disasters

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In Ancient China bureaucracy was punished for natural disasters The ancient Chinese manuscripts argue that thanks to the emperor the corn grows in the field and the fruits ripen in the gardens. Chinese people believed that if the emperor holds the eternal laws and live righteously, in his country will be always peace and harmony. If the emperor or his functionary violate covenants of ancestors, the world order is broken and always come natural disasters: floods, droughts, earthquakes, epidemics. So it means that the Universe need to overthrow the unworthy Son of Heaven and his helpers. So many disasters further continued with the revolutions and repressions.

At the imperial court was developed complex ritual behavior. Officials had to wash their hands five times a day. Before meeting with the emperor they fasted and washed. Even a glance casually thrown on the emperor was considered unprecedented audacity. The fact: one scribe, who shook off the dust from the books during the reception, once was severely punished. The life of the emperor had also too limited set of rules, regulations, conventions. Actually to be the emperor in China meant to be slave ot these rules.

In 221 BC ruler of the region Qin defeated all rivals and first united under his rule all Chinesse terriories. He built an empire of Qin and called himself Qin Shi Huang, i.e., "the first emperor of the Qin Dynasty." This empire lasted only 14 years. The emperor divided new state into 36 regions, which ruled on his behalf royal officials. They obeyed petty officials, tax collectors, farmers, townspeople, artisans and slaves. To make it easier to manage the vast country, Qin Shi Huang ordered the construction of new roads. He also ordered all over the state to use the same measures of length and weight. Qin Shi Huang also introduced a single monetary system.

But on the other hand reign of Emperor Qin Shi Huang was a disaster for the Chinesse people. When scholars and poets began to complain that the emperor neglects the commandments of the ancient sages and behaves inappropriately for the Son of Heaven, the Qin Shi Huang ordered the burning of ancient books, including books of Confucius. On his orders in the ground were buried alive 460 scholars and others were drove to the construction of the Great Wall of China.

As we see bureaucracy in ancient China was always under pressure. It was affected by rulers, people and even natural disasters. We can understand it as a sacrifice for construction of strong an everlasting state.

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