interesting facts about: sports
Javelin competition first held in Ancient Greece. In those days, athletes threw spears and darts on the range and aimed at target. In modern times the javelin competitions firstly were held in the Nordic countries: in Finland since 1883, in Sweden since 1886, in Norway in 1891. Throwing of spear was done by the strongest hand; the spear was taken in the tail of spear, while the other hand supported him in the middle. Throwing was done in limited square 2.5 x 2.5 m. Such style was called "free".
Javelin, as a sport, was included in the list Olympic games in 1906, and in 1908 was legalized modern technology of javelin throwing, ie throwing over the head with one hand. In the 1912 Olympics in Stockholm, an attempt was made to introduce competition in the ancient Greek idea of the harmonious development of athletes. For this spear throwers had to throw it by the right and the left hand, but this idea has not been popular. In the same year, was first registered world record, which established Swedish E. Lemming - 62.32 meters. It took 17 years till a world record passed 70-meter line. E. Lundquist thrown a spear at 71.01 meters in 1953, American F. Held threw a metal spear, the use of which was legalized in the same year, at 80.41 meters in 1964. Norwegian T. Pederson threw a spear at 91.72 meters, and 20 years later the German U.Hon has showed another outstanding result - 104.80 meters!
Such long throws raised the question of the safety of this type of competition of athletics, and in 1986 was legalized new design of the spear in which the tail was shifted by 4 cm, and increased its minimum diameter. This reduced the aerodynamic properties of the spear (from "planing", it was remade in "a diving"). As a consequence, it reduced athletic performances and decreased meters in new world records.