interesting facts about: history
The death of Emperor Alexander the Great and subsequent linked events have been the subjects of many speculations and debates. According to a Babylonian astronomical diary (III century BC), Alexander died between the evening of June 10 and the evening of June 11, 323 BC. This happened in the palace of Nebuchadnezzar II in Babylon.
Macedonians and indigenous habitants wept at the news of the death. Sisygambis, having found out of Emperor's death, refused sustenance and died a few days later. Historians vary in their assessments of primary sources about death of this historic figure, which is viewed in different points.
Proposed motives of Alexander's death included strychnine poisoning and even alcoholic liver disease, but little data support this version. According to more reasonable and witnessed version elaborated in the University of Maryland School of Medicine (reported in 1998), Alexander probably died of typhoid fever (type of malaria, which was common in ancient Asia). In the week before Alexander's death, historical accounts mention chills, sweats, exhaustion and high fever, typical symptoms of infectious diseases, including typhoid fever.
According to David W. Oldach from the University of Maryland Medical Center, Alexander also had "severe abdominal ache, causing him to shout aloud in mortal agony". The associated document, however, comes from the unreliable legends, stories and novels known as “Alexander romance” (appeared in early Middle Ages).
One ancient account reports that the planning and construction of an appropriate funerary cart to convey the body out from Babylon took two years from the time of Alexander's death. It is not known exactly how the body was preserved for about two years before it was transferred from Babylon. In 1889 E. A. Wallis Budge suggested that the body was overwhelmed in a vat of honey, while Plutarch reported procedures made by Egyptian embalmers.
Egyptian embalmers who arrived later on June 16 are had confirmed Alexander’s lifelike appearance. This was understood as a complication of typhoid fever, recognized as ascending paralysis.